Formulating Quality Fish feeds

Feeding brood stock and the fry while waiting to go to the market is expensive and does form a major component of the farms operations. Feeding efficiency improves in small ponds compared to larger ponds. There is hence need to construct additional tanks and concrete ponds so as to increase catfish holding facilities. Tilapia production can be increased through use of high stocking densities, improved feeding and proper pond management. The recommended stocking rate of 60-100 fry/m2 of 3-5 cm size will be adopted here. Annual production is projected at 100,000 fingerlings but will increase to 500,000 per month with increased holding facilities and funds to maintain a larger brood stock. Smaller fish can consume a greater percentage of their body weight than large fish. Small fish are fed 3-4 times daily, whereas larger fish can be fed 2 times daily. Feeding is done according to response and not just “dumped” into ponds. High quality feeds also pollute much less and this is important in feeding fish. Purchase of good quality feeds high in protein also implies higher investment cost.